Thursday, April 5, 2018

French campaign in Egypt and Syria

  • May 19, 1798
    A French armada of 335 ships carrying nearly 40,000 men set sail for Alexandria, Egypt, which Napoleon plans to conquer
  • July 1, 1798
    Shortly after disembarkment at Alexandria forces of Napoleon Bonaparte break into the city of Alexandria in Egypt and takes it
  • July 21, 1798
    Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Murad Bey and his Mameluke warriors on the outskirts of Cairo at the Battle of the Pyramids ending 700 years of Mamluk rule in Egypt
  • August 1, 1798
    Admiral Horatio Nelson's fleet of 14 ships routes the French fleet capturing six and destroying seven of the 17 French vessels in the Battle of the Nile at Aboukir Bay, Egypt
  • February 10, 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte left Cairo for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men, to avoid defend against the Ottoman army and to attack them
  • March 7, 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte captures the Turkish citadel at Jaffa, Palestine and orders the massacre of thousands of imprisoned Muslim soldiers claiming that he could not feed them
  • March 20, 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte begins the siege of Acre defended by Turks, which becomes the turning point of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and Syria
  • May 20, 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte orders a withdrawal from his siege of city of Acre in Ottoman Empire due to plague which run through besieging French forces
  • 1799, July
    Pierre-Fran├žois Bouchard, a soldier of the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt, discovers Rosetta Stone, a black basalt stone with three texts: the upper one is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek
  • July 25, 1799
    On his way back from Syria, Napoleon Bonaparte defeat superior Ottoman forces at Battle of Abukir, which temporarily secures French control over Egypt and makes Napoleon more popular in France
  • October 7, 1799
    Napoleon returns to France and lands at Saint Raphael, 50 kilometers east of Toulon after his campaign in Egypt and Syria
  • March 8, 1801
    British defeat French at the Second Battle of Abukir driving them out from Abukir
  • September 2, 1801
    French garrison at Alexandria surrender to the British after the siege of Alexandria, the last action of the Egyptian Campaign, and are forced to leave Egypt on British ships

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